File Name: reactivity series of metals and nonmetals .zip
We see below two metals that can be exposed to water. The picture on the left is of sodium, which has a violent reaction when it comes in contact with water. The picture on the right is of silver, a metal so unreactive with water that it can be made into drinking vessels.
- "Activity Series of Metals and Non-metals Cheat Sheet"
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- reactivity series of non metals class 10
"Activity Series of Metals and Non-metals Cheat Sheet"
We see below two metals that can be exposed to water. The picture on the left is of sodium, which has a violent reaction when it comes in contact with water. The picture on the right is of silver, a metal so unreactive with water that it can be made into drinking vessels. However, we have a tool that allows us to make better predictions about how certain elements will react with others.
Single-replacement reactions only occur when the element that is doing the replacing is more reactive than the element that is being replaced. Therefore, it is useful to have a list of elements in order of their relative reactivity. The activity series is a list of elements in decreasing order of their reactivity.
Since metals replace other metals, while nonmetals replace other nonmetals, they each have a separate activity series. For a single-replacement reaction, a given element is capable of replacing an element that is below it in the activity series. This can be used to predict if a reaction will occur.
Suppose that small pieces of the metal nickel were placed into two separate aqueous solutions: one of iron III nitrate and one of lead II nitrate. Looking at the activity series, we see that nickel is below iron, but above lead. Therefore, the nickel metal will be capable of replacing the lead in a reaction, but will not be capable of replacing iron. In the descriptions that accompany the activity series of metals, a given metal is also capable of undergoing the reactions described below that section.
For example, lithium will react with cold water, replacing hydrogen. It will also react with steam and with acids, since that requires a lower degree of reactivity. Use the activity series to predict if the following reactions will occur. If the reaction does occur, write the products of the reaction and balance the equation.
Since aluminum is above zinc, it is capable of replacing it and a reaction will occur. The products of the reaction will be aqueous aluminum nitrate and solid zinc. Take care to write the correct formulas for the products before balancing the equation. The balanced equation is:. Since silver is below hydrogen, it is not capable of replacing hydrogen in a reaction with an acid.
Learning Objectives Use the activity series to predict if a reaction will occur. The Activity Series Single-replacement reactions only occur when the element that is doing the replacing is more reactive than the element that is being replaced.
React with acids, replacing hydrogen. Answer b No reaction. Summary Metals and halogens are ranked according to their ability to displace other metals or halogens below them in the activity series. React with cold water, replacing hydrogen. React with steam, but not cold water, replacing hydrogen.
Do not react with water. Unreactive with water or acids. Plan the problem.
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These solutions for Metals And Non Metals are extremely popular among Class 8 students for Science Metals And Non Metals Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. Which of the following is true for all metals? All the metals have 1 - 3 electrons in their valence shell and they lose their valence electrons to form positive ions. Even though sodium and potassium are solids, they are soft, non-malleable and non-ductile metals. Further, they have low melting and boiling points. Similarly, mercury is found in liquid state at room temperature. Gold normally occurs in nature a in free state.
reactivity series of non metals class 10
Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. Related Questions. What is the activity series of metals?
Explain the meanings of malleable and ductile. Malleable: A metal is said to be malleable if it can be beaten into thin sheets, e. Ductile: A metal is said to be ductile when it can be drawn into thin wires, e.
This is the currently selected item. The most reactive nonmetals are those that can most easily gain valence electrons.
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In a reactivity series, the most reactive element is placed at the top and the least reactive element at the bottom. More reactive metals have a greater tendency to lose electrons and form positive ions. A reactivity series of metals could include any elements. For example:. A good way to remember the order of a reactivity series of metals is to use the first letter of each one to make up a silly sentence.
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А потом раздался нечеловеческий крик. Это был протяжный вопль ужаса, издаваемый умирающим зверем. Сьюзан замерла возле вентиляционного люка.