File Name: labour legislation and indian constitution .zip
Indian labour laws are made to define clear cut relations between employees and employers.
- Labour Law Reforms
- Emerging Perspectives in Labour Regulation in the Wake of COVID-19
- List of major labour laws in India: A Brief Introduction
Labour Law Reforms
The present COVID crisis has shifted to centre-stage the question of work and workers after a long time. It has brought back the focus onto what are or should be basic rights in the world of work and the manner in which we regulate business. The lockdown and the resultant loss of employment have been some of the biggest challenges of the COVID crisis. On the one hand, we have the haunting images of the returning migrant workers and their families trudging home hundreds of miles as the defining images of the COVID crisis in India. On the contrary, there are studies which point to the positive effects of regulating unequal bargaining parties and of a protective floor in unequal labour markets.
Emerging Perspectives in Labour Regulation in the Wake of COVID-19
As the economy struggles with the lockdown and thousands of firms and workers stare at an uncertain future, some state governments last week decided to make significant changes in the application of labour laws. UP, the most populous state, has made the boldest changes as it summarily suspended the application of almost all labour laws in the state for the next three years. On the face of it, these changes are being brought about to incentivise economic activity in the respective states. Keeping aside the questions of law — labour falls in the Concurrent List and there are many laws enacted by the Centre that a state cannot just brush aside — the key question is: Are these the long-pending reforms of the labour market that economists used to talk about, or is the suspension of labour laws an ill-timed and retrograde step that critics have made it out to be? Estimates vary but there are over state laws and close to 50 central laws. Broadly speaking, they can be divided into four categories.
In this project I have analyzed the main Articles of our Indian Constitution which protects , supports , and act as a guideline to various labour laws for their effective implementation and functioning. The main Articles are Art 14, 16,19 1 c , 21, Art 14 of the Indian Constitution explains the concept of Equality before law. The concept of equality does not mean absolute equality among human beings which is physically not possible to achieve. It is a concept implying absence of any special privilege by reason of birth, creed or the like in favour of any individual, and also the equal subject of all individuals and classes to the ordinary law of the land. As Dr. Jennings puts it: "Equality before the law means that among equals the law should be equal and should be equally administered, that like should be treated alike.
As per the Indian Constitution, the Central as well as State Governments are empowered to enact suitable legislation to regulate and protect the interests of employees, as well as to create and increase employment opportunities. Depending on the type of industry, nature of work undertaken, number of employees, location, remuneration of the employees, etc. How are different types of worker distinguished? It excludes those employed in a managerial, administrative or supervisory capacity drawing wages exceeding INR 10, from its purview. Special laws are also enacted for the recognition and protection of certain special kinds of employees such as contract labour and fixed-term employees. If not, do employees have to be provided with specific information in writing? In India, an employer-employee relationship can either be express or implied, written or oral.
List of major labour laws in India: A Brief Introduction
Under the Constitution of India, labour falls within the concurrent list giving power to both the Central and the respective State Government to legislate on such items, with the residual law-making powers vesting with the Centre. This has resulted in a plethora of central and state laws related to wages, employment, industrial relations, social security, etc. Labour laws in India are constantly evolving and aim to resolve long-standing issues as well as to adapt to the needs of changing labour markets and business models.
Indian labour law refers to laws regulating labour in India. Traditionally, Indian government at federal and state level have sought to ensure a high degree of protection for workers, but in practice, this differs due to form of government and because labour is a subject in the concurrent list of the Indian Constitution. Indian labour law is closely connected to the Indian independence movement , and the campaigns of passive resistance leading up to independence. While India was under colonial rule by the British Raj , labour rights, trade unions, and freedom of association were all regulated by the:. Workers who sought better conditions, and trade unions who campaigned through strike action were frequently, and violently suppressed.
Беккер убрал руку. Парень хмыкнул. - Я тебе помогу, если заплатишь. - Сколько? - быстро спросил Беккер. - Сотню баксов.
Мысли его были. Он ждал, когда зазвонит прямой телефон, но звонка все не. Кто-то постучал в дверь. - Войдите, - буркнул Нуматака.
Ей вспомнились мечты коммандера: черный ход в Цифровую крепость и величайший переворот в разведке, который он должен был вызвать. Она подумала о вирусе в главном банке данных, о его распавшемся браке, вспомнила этот странный кивок головы, которым он ее проводил, и, покачнувшись, ухватилась за перила. Коммандер. Нет.
У нас есть время, но только если мы поспешим, - сказал Джабба. - Отключение вручную займет минут тридцать. Фонтейн по-прежнему смотрел на ВР, перебирая в уме остающиеся возможности.