Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching Mechanisms And Clinical Implications Pdf

proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching mechanisms and clinical implications pdf

File Name: proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching mechanisms and clinical implications .zip
Size: 14312Kb
Published: 08.04.2021

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation PNF stretching techniques are commonly used in the athletic and clinical environments to enhance both active and passive range of motion ROM with a view to optimising motor performance and rehabilitation. PNF stretching is positioned in the literature as the most effective stretching technique when the aim is to increase ROM, particularly in respect to short-term changes in ROM.

The effect of the contract-relax-agonist-contract CRAC stretch of hamstrings on range of motion, sprint and agility performance in moderately active males: A randomised control trial.

What is PNF Stretching?

The topic of stretching is the source of much debate amongst coaches and athletes. Stretching — a look back. Stretching has been a part of exercise as long as anyone can remember. It has been through various changes over the years, often fuelled by the latest trend in coaching. Thankfully in the modern era our thinking is governed by the sports science labs, not the whims of a coach.

PNF Stretching: A How-To Guide

Flexibility is key for athletes and nonathletes alike. It allows you to move freely and comfortably in your daily life, and can also help prevent injury during exercise. One of the best ways to increase your flexibility is by stretching. However, research suggests that not all stretching techniques are created equal. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation PNF stretching relies on reflexes to produce deeper stretches that increase flexibility. Herman Kabat in the s as a means to treat neuromuscular conditions including polio and multiple sclerosis. PNF techniques have since gained popularity with physical therapists and other fitness professionals.

Stretching is usually included in the regular training program or part of warm-up activity before exercises. However, it is not that popular during the in-season training as it could compromise the muscle strength. Contract-relax proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation CR-PNF stretching is generally known as an effective method to increase the joint range of motion, implying flexibility, but the chronic effect on muscle strength was not much studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the chronic effects of 4-week CR-PNF stretching on muscle strength, i. Thirty-one male professional soccer players received the CR-PNF stretching of hamstring and quadriceps muscles for 4 weeks during the in-season training.

PNF stretching was originally developed as a form of rehabilitation, and to that effect it is very effective. It is also excellent for targeting specific muscle groups, and as well as increasing flexibility, it also improves muscular strength. Side note : There are many different variations of the PNF stretching principle. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation PNF is an advanced form of flexibility training, which involves both the stretching and contracting of the muscle group being targeted. PNF stretching is one of the most effective forms of stretching for improving flexibility and increasing range of motion.

The Benefits of PNF (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation) Stretching

When most people think of fitness they think of cardiovascular and strength exercise—but those in the know go for the full trifecta of strength, cardio, and stretching. PNF stretching is an advanced form of flexibility training that involves contraction and stretching of muscles. The technique was originally born in the clinical rehabilitative environment, but has worked its way into mainstream gyms because it is so effective. PNF stretching requires the help of a partner or an inanimate object.

There is popularity of doing stretching as part of warm up before athletic activity. The static stretching and PNF stretching is performed by athletes but their effectiveness on sprinting performance is in state of debate.


Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation PNF is common practice for increasing range of motion, though little research has been done to evaluate theories behind it. The purpose of this study was to review possible mechanisms, proposed theories, and physiological changes that occur due to proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques. Four theoretical mechanisms were identified: autogenic inhibition, reciprocal inhibition, stress relaxation, and the gate control theory. The studies suggest that a combination of these four mechanisms enhance range of motion. When completed prior to exercise, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation decreases performance in maximal effort exercises. When this stretching technique is performed consistently and post exercise, it increases athletic performance, along with range of motion.

 Каким рейсом она летит. - Она сказала, колымагой. - Колымагой. - Ну да, это ночной рейс в выходные - Севилья, Мадрид, Ла-Гуардиа. Его так все называют. Им пользуются студенты, потому что билет стоит гроши. Сиди себе в заднем салоне и докуривай окурки.

goal of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation is to increase range of motion Facilitation (PNF) is a stretching technique In clinical settings, PNF is already.

What is PNF Stretching?


Хейл ничего не должен заподозрить -. Ключ к Цифровой крепости, внезапно осенило ее, прячется где-то в глубинах этого компьютера. Когда Сьюзан закрывала последний файл, за стеклом Третьего узла мелькнула тень. Она быстро подняла глаза и увидела возвращающегося Грега Хейла. Он приближался к двери. - Черт его дери! - почти беззвучно выругалась Сьюзан, оценивая расстояние до своего места и понимая, что не успеет до него добежать.

Стратмор вдруг увидел шанс выиграть на двух фронтах сразу, осуществить две мечты, а не одну. В шесть тридцать в то утро он позвонил Дэвиду Беккеру. ГЛАВА 97 Фонтейн стремительно вбежал в комнату для заседаний. Бринкерхофф и Мидж последовали за. - Смотрите! - сдавленным голосом сказала Мидж, махнув рукой в сторону окна.

 Тихо, - потребовал Фонтейн и повернулся к Сьюзан.  - Мисс Флетчер, вы проделали уже немалую часть пути. Постарайтесь пройти по нему до конца.

Голос болезненно кашлянул. - Да. Немало. - В Севилью - по делам? - настаивал Ролдан.

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching

Спасти ситуацию может только кольцо, и если Дэвид до сих пор его не нашел… - Мы должны выключить ТРАНСТЕКСТ! - Сьюзан решила взять дело в свои руки.  - Я спущусь вниз, в подсобное помещение, и выключу рубильник. Стратмор медленно повернулся.


Pegaso C.


PNF stretching is positioned in the literature as the most effective stretching technique when the aim is to increase ROM, particularly in respect to short-term changes in ROM. The mechanism(s) underpinning the change in stretch perception or tolerance are not known, although pain modulation has been suggested.